Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Anna Yojana: PM Garib Kalyan Anna Yojana Under the Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Anna Yojana, free ration is provided to poor families. It was started in 2020 during the Corona period and has been extended till December 2022. Let us know whether its benefits will be available in 2023 also.
The program intends to feed India’s poorest inhabitants by distributing grain to all priority households (ration card holders and those designated by the Antyodaya Anna Yojana program) via the Public Distribution System. Each family with a ration card receives 1 kg of dal and 5 kg of rice or wheat (depending on regional dietary preferences) per person from PMGKAY. This charity program is the world’s largest food security program due to its size. A total of Rs. 2 lakh crores were allotted for the program in the Union Budget 2022–23 for the forthcoming fiscal year.
Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Anna Yojana for the Poor, or Anna Yojana (PMGKAY), is a food security welfare program introduced by the Indian government on March 26, 2020, during the COVID-19 pandemic in India. The Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution oversees the program’s administration through the Department of Food and Public Distribution. However, the Ministry of Finance is the nodal ministry.
Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Anna Yojana
(PMGKAY) In this, 5 kg of free grains are given to the poor or needy. Under this scheme of the government, 80 crore poor people are being given the benefit of free ration.
Earlier, September was chosen to close the food scheme, but later it was extended to December. Now the question arises that for how long will this scheme started for the poor be continued? Will the benefits received from it also be abolished with the new year? So let us know the things related to this.
As you are all aware, the country is currently experiencing a second wave of corona virus infection. There is a lockdown as a result in numerous states. The Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Anna Yojana has announced rationing in light of this. Through the Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Anna Yojana, efforts are being made to distribute rations to all qualified recipients. Priority would be given to people who live in economically depressed areas of the nation, such as street people, garbage collectors, hawkers, rickshaw pullers, migrant workers, etc., through the Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Yojana. Sudhanshu Pandey, the DFPD secretary, provided this information.
7.59 lakh metric tonnes of foodgrains allocated for 80 crore beneficiaries
As you are all aware, the Indian government launched the Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Anna Yojana in March 2020. Through the Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Anna Yojana, this package provided 80 crore beneficiaries of the National Food Security Act with extra and free food grains. The program was started with the intention of giving hungry residents the food security they needed to deal with the financial hardships brought on by the pandemic. Antyodaya Yojana and Pvt. under this plan.
From the first phase to the fifth phase of the scheme, 7.59 lakh metric tonnes of foodgrains have been given to states and Union Territories, which will be distributed to about 80 crore NFSA beneficiaries. This is equivalent to about Rs 2.6 lakh crore of foodgrain fertiliser subsidy. So far, about 5.80 lakh metric tonnes of foodgrains have been given to the beneficiaries.
Will it benefit next year as well?
Anyway, this scheme has been limited to December. But according to sources, the programme may be continued beyond December and extended till March 2023. The government said that about 159 lakh tonnes of wheat will be stocked by January next year, so PMGKAY should be increased.
Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Anna Yojana extended for one year
In the Union Budget 2023, Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman has announced to increase the Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Anna Yojana. The government has extended the scheme by one year. Now the central government will give free ration to poor families for one year. The poor families of the country get 5 kg ration free of cost under the Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Anna Yojana. Let us tell you that this scheme was started in April 2020 in the Corona period.
The programme has benefited poor families in seven phases. At the same time, it has now been extended to one year from February 1, 2023 in the eighth phase. By 2024, the poor families of the country will be able to get the benefit of Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Anna Yojana.
The Prime Minister will speak with the program’s recipients.
Our nation’s Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi, will speak with the Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Anna Yojana recipients on August 5, 2021. According to this plan, the procedure of ration distribution will begin on August 5, 2021, and Van Mahotsav will also be planned. The Prime Minister will engage in video conference conversation with the recipients of certain Fair Price Shops in Varanasi, Gorakhpur, Moradabad, Hamirpur, Ayodhya, Barabanki, Shahjahanpur, Kaushambi, Agra, and Bahraich on this occasion.
Each fair pricing shop will host approximately 100 beneficiaries, and television setups will also be provided. so that the conversation might be seen by the existing recipients. The duty of ensuring food grains are accessible at each fair pricing shop has been delegated to the District Supply and Marketing Officer.
Five phases of Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Yojana
At first, the operation of this plan was only scheduled to last for 3 months—April 2020, May 2020, and June 2020. The plan’s initial phase was this. The second phase of this plan was then announced, running from July 2020 to November 2020. The government decided to extend this program for the months of May and June 2021 in April 2021 due to the Kovid-19 epidemic’s ongoing crisis in the years 2021–2022. The third stage of the strategy was this.
After then, the government also ran the fourth phase of this plan, which ran from July 2021 to November 2021. Following that, it was decided to extend this plan’s fifth phase from December 2021 to March 2022.
Foodgrain distribution and allocation in phases
The first and second phases of this program were run during the 2020–21 fiscal year. For the eight-month distribution period, states and UTs received 3.21 lakh MT of foodgrains. Out of which, states and UTs have reported distributing a total of 298.8 LMT foodgrains to an average of around 94% of NFSA beneficiaries, or 75 crore recipients, each month across the nation.
During the year 2021-22- Phase 3, Phase 4 and Phase 5 have been conducted in the year 2021-22, the details of which are as follows:-
- Phase 3– From May 2021 until June 2021, Phase 3 was in operation. The government has allocated 79.46 lakh metric tonnes of food grains for the third phase, with a 2-month distribution window. To an average of 95% of the NFSA population each month, States and UTs have reported distributing 75.2 MLT of foodgrains from this group. Which suggests that around 75.18 crore people received 94.5% of the food grains distributed.
- Phase 4– From July 2021 to November 2021, Phase 4 was in operation. The government has given the states and union territories 198.78 lakh metric tonnes of food grains for distribution over the next five months. Out of which, the Union Territories and States have submitted information on the distribution of 186.1 LMT of foodgrains. 93% of the beneficiaries have access to this program. Which suggests that around 74.4 crore people received 93.6% of the food grains distributed.
- Phase 5– From December 2021 to March 2022, Phase 5 will be in operation. For a distribution period of four months, the government has allotted 163 LMT of food grains to the states and union territories. Food grains totaling 19.76 LMT have already been provided to the beneficiaries.
One Country One Ration Card is Used to Distribute Rations.
The government additionally introduced the One Country, One Ration Card Program. whereby rations can be obtained across the nation via a ration card. The maximum number of interstate portability transactions for the Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Anna Yojana distribution from the first phase to the fourth phase was recorded in states like Bihar, Andhra Pradesh, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Telangana, Karnataka, Kerala, Maharashtra, Haryana, and Madhya Pradesh. Similarly, from Phase I to Phase IV, the most international portability transactions were recorded in Delhi, Haryana, Maharashtra, Gujarat, Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman & Diu, Uttar Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Karnataka, Jammu & Kashmir, and Jharkhand.
Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Yojana extended till Diwali
Due to a coronavirus illness, our nation’s Prime Minister Narendra Modi ji launched the Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Anna Yojana. Through this program, all clients receive free food grains. Under this program, 5 kg of food grains will be given to every beneficiary who is covered by the NFSA each month. The administration has chosen to prolong the duration of this program through Deepawali. The Prime Minister himself disclosed this information in his address to the country. This will provide free food grains to 80 crore beneficiaries until November 2021.
FCI is moving quickly to provide food grains around the nation so that they can be shipped to all of the states and union territories. FCI has distributed 1433 foodgrain racks in May 2021 at a rate of 46 rakes per day. The Indian government offers food subsidies, interstate transportation, dealer margins, and farmer subsidies under the Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Anna Yojana. Without the assistance of any states or union territories, the full expense of the increased dealer margin will be assumed.
Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Yojana Allocation Per Month (INMT)
|Andaman and Nicobar Islands||41||263||304|
|Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu||300||1049||1349|
|Jammu and Kashmir||10490||25715||36205|
|forest of bushe||52740||79110||131850|
|the abode of clouds||0||10728||10728|
Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Anna Yojana (FAQ’s)
Q. Who is eligible for Garib Kalyan Yojana?
Through the Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Yojana, priority will be given to the citizens of economically weaker sections of the country such as street dwellers, garbage collectors, hawkers, rickshaw pullers, migrant laborers etc. This information was provided by DFPD Secretary Sudhanshu Pandey.
Q. How long will the Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Anna Yojana?
Ration has been provided to the poor citizens of the country through the Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Anna Yojana. The scheme was extended by the government till November 2020. Through this scheme, 80 crore poor citizens of the country have been provided 5 kg of wheat or rice absolutely free of cost every month. Now the government has extended this scheme till December 2023.
Q. When was Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Anna Yojana launched?
The new scheme has been named Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Anna Yojana (PMGKAY). The implementation of this scheme has started from January 1, 2023 to benefit more than 80 crore poor and extremely poor people.
Q. Has the Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Anna Yojana been discontinued?
Now in January 2023, the central government has completely stopped this scheme. At the same time, the National Food Security Act (NFSA) has already made 3 kg of wheat and 2 kg of rice free of cost to the poor at the rate of Rs 1 per kg per month.
Q. What is the benefit of Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Anna Yojana?
All card holders get benefits under PM Garib Kalyan Yojana Hindi me. Subsidy is also given to 80 crore people through PMGKY (PMGKY Hindi me). This scheme provides 5 kg additional ration to the beneficiaries. Under this scheme, the beneficiary is given wheat at Rs 2 per kg and rice at Rs 3 per kg.
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